According to medical definition the specific parts of the body, which are very vulnerable to trauma is known as marma. Any trauma to these places may lead to death and many other complications regarding physiological and anatomical functions. These places are known as vital parts and are the source of energy. So these places should be preserved very well during any surgical intervention or procedure. And should not be exposed to any trauma or distress , during any activity.The human body is the basis of all types of activities. One can achieve many mortal and immortal gains from this body. In another reference it is said that the human body is the seat of diseases. Can any individual be able to get any gains from ill health? Is there any means to keep the body healthy?
In answer to these questions we can say yes and with the knowledge of marma. One can achieve it. A number of neurological problems are discussed in different Ayurvedic texts. Most of these neurological problems come under the heading of Vata Roga. These vata disorders (80 types) can be treated by marma therapy successfully. Apart from this, if the required procedures ,described in ancient texts ,are applied on those points in the proper way, then the body becomes healthy and long life can be achieved. One can get rid of and be free from different curable and incurable diseases. previously yoga was the means of achieving spiritual gains. These days yoga is a tool for health promotion among the masses and the best way to combat most of the diseases from which man suffers. In the same way the implementation of marma therapy will help to overcome different medical and surgical lesions, In many ways with out using any oral drug or any surgical intervention.
Ancient rishis, the experts of marma knowledge, developed the marma science and therapy for suffering humanity and for those people who are engaged in the activities of service to humanity and are seekers of achieving the higher state of consciousness. Persons who engaged in higher spiritual practices cannot practice yoga, pranayama and other physical practices to keep their body fit due to their special life style. They can, however, attain the same results and enjoy a similar outcome with marma therapy, which enables them to attain physical well-being, mental calmness, spiritual gains and self realization. Whereas, on one hand, physical and spiritual gains are possible through marma science, On the other hand the misuse of marma science may be fatal. Any unprecedented efforts may lead to complication and adverse effects or even death.This was the main aim of obscuring the marma science. Therefore ,owing to its fatalness , In ancient times ,the marma science was obscure and hidden for a long period of thousands of years.except for the experts of marma science.
It was taught and exposed only to the king, his army chiefs and warriors. The property of the fatalness of the marmas, has been used to create ancient Singhalese martial art , well known , as ANGAMPORA. of which ,extremely fatal to the enemy or resulting fatal injuries or grave disabilities. In the present times, with due precautions, this hidden treasure of Ayurvedic surgical skill can help greatly to relieve the suffering of humanity.
Marma science is discussed mainly in Susruta-Samhita chapter 6, in reference to anatomical consideration of the body parts. In practice , it is also apparent that any trauma to these vital parts may lead to death. It is also truth in reference to the heart, brain and genital area. Trauma to these parts may lead to loss of vitality so these parts are known as vital parts. When injured or distressed ,may be life threatening or resulting in grave disabilities in the relevant part of the body.
Marmas are not superficial landmarks on the body surface. These points can’t be seen by naked eye. There are 107 marmas whole over the human body. These are deep-seated important physio-anatomical structures. Promote the psycho- somatic equilibrium. Aid to move the energy between the subtle body(Sukshma sharira) and the coarse body (Sthula sharira).
The Anatomy of the subtle body consists of ,
Subtle body (Astral body ) is intangible , similarly software in a computer and it can’t be seen by the naked eye as well. Persons who have achieved high level of consciousness can understand about the subtle body and perform miracles.
For an instant ,
They can drag this subtle body out and can achieve clairvoyance , clairaudience , floating in the air ,walk on the water and etc. There are seven chakras (Wheels of Energy; Psycho-Energetic Knots ) along the spinal chord ( Central Channel).
These chakras are charged with the power of wisdom-(Prana-Shakti) or the Power of Consciousness . This power is well known as Kundalini. Kundalini can be awakened by practicing yoga and meditation. If a person is able to awaken kundalini , he will be able to be well versed about the worldly and unworldly knowledge. eg : Lord Buddha.
107 marmas have been divided into several categories according their constitution, location, property and the effect when injured.
Categorization of marmas according to their constitution,
1)Mansa marma (Marmas of muscles) 11 in number
2)Sira marma (Marmas of blood vessels) 41 in number
3 )Snayu marma (Marmas of ligaments) 27 in number
4 ) Asthi marma (Marmas of bones) 8 in number
5) Sandhi marma (Marmas of joints) 20 in number.
The total 107 marmas are distributed all over the body.
It is apparent that there are certain important vital points (places) in the human body, which have hidden, secret and significant energy. In Ayurveda the concept of marma has a vital role. Diseases affecting these vital parts have a bad prognosis. Certainly we can say that the diseases or lesions away from the marmas can be treated easily. Marmas are the seat of soma, vayu, theja, sattva, rajas, tama and jivatma. When these places, that is, the marma points, get injured there can be a fatal response. Keeping this concept in mind one should try to apply marma therapy to provide the cure for different body ailments.
According to Ayurveda all factors responsible for the body vitiates the vata, pitta and kapha. This vitiation emerges as pathological states in the organs and tissues. Ayurveda attempts to check this process in different stages of the vitiation of doshas.
As previously discussed, marma can be categorized into saumya(kapha), agneya (pitta), vayavya (vayu) and saumyagneya (kaphapitta). Most of the marma (44) are saumya. Saumyagneya are (33) in number. Agneya are (19) in number and vayavya are (11) in number. The marmas situated in the left side of body are representative of soma (kapha). The marmas on the right side of the body are representative of surya (pitta). In the state of any illness the predominance of dosha should be kept in mind The particular side should be treated specially with reference to doshik dominance through marma therapy.
so that appropriate stimulation of the marma points will restore the balance of the humour and relieve disease. Before marma therapy one has to determine the actual location of the specific marma. The exact location of marma varies according to an individual, according to the measurement of the body and body parts. The site is described in relation to the bony prominences, joints and other body structures. The distance is described in finger measurement of the individual. The extent of each type of marma is also discussed. The marma points vary in size from that of a pinhead to half a finger (laterally measured) to four fingers, laid laterally, or even the size of the palm.
The aim of Ayurveda is to preserve the health of healthy individual and to treat the ailments of a diseased person. As a curative treatment it can be used widely in many diseases, As a supportive treatment it can be used along with any medical science, without hindrance, along with its drugs and procedures. Marma therapy contributes to increase or recharge physical, mental and spiritual energies. On the physical level it helps to revitalize or reenergize the body tissues. At cellular level, it improves the vital functions like digestion, respiration, blood circulation and excretion.
On the psychological level it improves the mental faculty by directing it in the positive direction. It also offers a way to treat many psycho-somatic ailments without any drugs. It harmonizes the functioning of nervous and endocrine systems to control psychological disorders. On the spiritual level, reasoning of mind, regulation and transformation of thoughts in positive direction helps to concentrate towards the ultimate goal of life. As a preventive measure it helps to cope with the situations arising from different diseases. Marma therapy is also responsible for the perception of psychic centers. These methods are supposed to attain the ultimate transformation in inner consciousness. When one starts practising self- marma therapy one experiences gaining of physical, mental and spiritual energy.